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CONTENTS of entire timeline

CONTENTS of 59,999,999 BC- 51,000 BC Large land and aquatic mammals appear; many kinds of primates appear (almost as many go extinct); an island continent finally disappears for good; the Mediterranean valley turns into the Mediterranean Sea; human beings emerge, develop housing, clothes, lamps, and drugs, breed dogs, use horses; Mars dies (or goes dormant)

This page last updated on or about 10-31-05
a - j r m o o n e y h a m . c o m - o r i g i n a l


Approximately 34,000,000 BC- 33,000,000 BC: Antarctica's massive ice sheets begin to form

-- Antarctica's icy origins, Sci/Tech, BBC News, http://www.bbc.co.uk/, 7 December, 1999

Around 34 million BC 90% of some of the smallest sealife in the Gulf of Mexico (mollusks) perished due to climate change. Colder than usual winters (seven degrees Fahrenheit cooler) seem to have been the culprit.

-- Climate Change Led to Mass Extinction Along Gulf By Patricia Reaney, Reuters/Yahoo! Science Headlines, October 18, 2000

Ocean temperatures were 4 degrees Celsius cooler than average during winters around 34 million BC.

-- Ancient Crystals Provide Clues To Deaths of Sea Creatures ["http://www.latimes.com/news/science/science/20001019/t000099668.html"] by Thomas H. Maugh II, October 19, 2000, Los Angeles Times

A worldwide extinction event took place around 34 million BC. Along North America's gulf coast the extinctions included a certain type of shellfish.

-- Researchers uncover secret to mass extinction events ["http://www.eurekalert.org/releases/um-rus101300.html"], 18 OCTOBER 2000, EurekAlert!, US Contact: Nancy Ross-Flanigan rossflan@umich.edu 734-647-1853 University of Michigan Judy Holmes jlholmes@syr.edu 315-443-3784 Syracuse University News Services

-- Finding by Syracuse University and University of Michigan researchers reveals secret to mass extinction events ["http://www.eurekalert.org/releases/syr-fbs101600.html"], 18 OCTOBER 2000, EurekAlert!, US Contact: Judy Holmes jlholmes@syr.edu 315-443-3784 Syracuse University

-- Finding By Syracuse University And University Of Michigan Researchers Reveals Secret To Mass Extinction Events ["http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/10/001020092951.htm"], Source: Syracuse University (http://www.syr.edu/), Posted 10/20/2000

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