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CONTENTS of entire timeline

CONTENTS of 2018 AD-2025 AD: Consumer robotics go mainstream; 'wire heads' appear; do-it-yourself medical care; organ regeneration; unmanned planes of many types becoming common

This page last updated on or about 10-15-05
a - j r m o o n e y h a m . c o m - o r i g i n a l


2020 milestone: Substantial regeneration treatments for various organs and other body parts are now available to the wealthy of developed states; Oil prices have possibly declined to around five dollars a barrel

-- "The Liver's Secret Of Regeneration" Author: Nell Boyce New Scientist issue 1 May 1999, UK Contact: Claire Bowles claire.bowles@rbi.co.uk 44-171-331-2751, US Contact: New Scientist Washington office newscidc@idt.net 202-452-1178]

-- Wistar Scientists Locate Genes Involved In Mammalian Tissue Regeneration, 29 SEPTEMBER 1998, Contact: Diana Cutshall dcutshall@wista.wistar.upenn.edu (215) 898-3716 Wistar Institute

-- Professor says economy still booming, gas prices should drop considerably ["http://www.eurekalert.org/releases/unc-pse041000.html"], 10 APRIL 2000, Contact: David Williamson david_williamson@unc.edu 919-962-8596 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

In 2000 the U.S. Geological Survey estimated the crude oil reserves of the world to be around 649 billion barrels-- with still more likely to be found. This was a 20% increase over previous estimates.

-- Scientific American: Science and The Citizen: Awash in Oil: September 2000 ["http://www.sciam.com/2000/0900issue/0900scicit4.html"] by ERIC NIILER

Tests of precedures to tap the enormous frozen undersea methane reserves of the Earth (gas hydrates) were being performed in 1999 by Japanese researchers. If successful, the reserves could prove an energy boon to future generations.

In 1999 a full scale and commercially viable debut of gas hydrate extraction and refinement was expected to become feasible around 2012.

Estimates place the recoverable gas hydrate reserves to be equivalent to 80,000 times that of the more familiar fuel, natural gas.

-- BBC News Sci Tech: Fossil fuel revolution begins By Damian Carrington, 23 November, 1999, http://www.bbc.co.uk/

Methane hydrates are not only found undersea, but in Arctic permafrost as well. Gas hydrates in the US alone could be equivalent to the natural gas reserves/resources of 200 more Americas, circa 2000.

-- House backs study of massive - yet dangerous - energy supply By JIM ABRAMS, Associated Press, Nando Media/Nando Times/Associated Press, April 3, 2000, http://www.nandotimes.com

Yields of crops like soybeans and corn could be increased to produce not just food but renewable fuels as well, and largely replace crude oil during the 21st century. The fats and oils produced by the plants may offer the best solution, rather than the production of ethanol from same.

-- Plant Oils Will Replace Petroleum In Coming Years ["http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/07/000703090917.htm"], 7/7/2000, Source: http://news.uns.purdue.edu/UNS/html4ever/0007.Tao.biofuels.html, Purdue University (http://www.purdue.edu)

Polystyrene-derived batteries may eventually be embedded in mobile phones and other devices to mimick plant photosynthesis by capturing and storing energy from light. At present some 15% efficiency in energy conversion has been achieved with polystyrene molecules. Polystyrene may one day make for ultra cheap solar cells to help power fuel cells.

-- New Scientist: Mobile foam ["http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns224733"] by Philip Cohen, From New Scientist magazine, 15 July 2000, citing Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol 97, p 7687

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