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CONTENTS of entire timeline

CONTENTS of 59,999,999 BC- 51,000 BC Large land and aquatic mammals appear; many kinds of primates appear (almost as many go extinct); an island continent finally disappears for good; the Mediterranean valley turns into the Mediterranean Sea; human beings emerge, develop housing, clothes, lamps, and drugs, breed dogs, use horses; Mars dies (or goes dormant)

This page last updated on or about 10-31-05
a - j r m o o n e y h a m . c o m - o r i g i n a l


Approximately 6,000,000 BC - 5,500,000 BC: What will be known in 1999 AD as the vast Mediterranean Sea is today an enormous dry gorge in the Earth...

...with perhaps a sprinkling of salt lakes amidst a great desert, having dried up with the continental closure of the Straits of Gibralter perhaps 1500-2000 years before. The closure created a great dam keeping out the Atlantic ocean, thereby preventing the Mediterranean Sea from replenishing what it lost due to evaporation.

-- "The Mediterranean: Sea of Man's Fate" by Rick Gore, National Geographic December 1982, pages 704-705

The Mediterranean Sea either drains away or dries up around 5.8 million BC-- for unknown reasons. The disappearance of the Mediterranean Sea brings about the 'Messinian Salinity Crisis' which so unbalances the ecology of the Earth as to cause multiple extinctions and help pave the way for the next Ice Age.

-- Vanished By Douglas McInnis, From New Scientist ["http://www.newscientist.com"], 7 August 1999

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