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CONTENTS of entire timeline

CONTENTS of 1,000,000 BC- 8,001 BC: The peopling of the prehistoric Americas and the extinctions of the American megafauna

This page last updated on or about 10-13-05
a - j r m o o n e y h a m . c o m - o r i g i n a l


18,000 BC- 12,500 BC: People are apparently living in the vicinity one day to be known as South Carolina USA

-- Bonanza of ice-age artifacts redefine America's pre-history July 2, 1999, Marsha Walton contributing, CNN

Solutrean Europeans may be crossing the Atlantic Ocean to North America from the Iberian Peninsula (the 20th century's Spain, Portugal, and France) around 16,000 BC, colonizing the eastern seaboard. In the millennia to come this group may expand to meet and overlap with the other groups arriving via the Bering land bridge and Pacific Ocean crossings.

Such Atlantic crossings might be made in skin boats, and require as little as three weeks to make.

-- First Americans from Europe? By Joseph B. Verrengia The Associated Press SANTA FE, N.M., Nov. 1, 1999, ABC News Internet Ventures, http://www.abcnews.go.com/

North America's eastern seacoast may have been settled by people (Solutreans) from the Iberian Peninsula of Europe (Portugal, Spain, southern France) around 16,000 BC. Elements of their culture may have then expanded into western America, as well as Canada and South America. The Solutreans may have been the first actual members of the Clovis culture to arrive in the Americas.

-- New View of 1st Americans Emerges, Discovery Online, Discovery News Brief/Associated Press, http://www.discovery.com/, found on or about 11-1-99


South America received an influx of peoples from Asia around 18,000 BC, according to viruses contained in South American mummies. The viruses are related to adult T-cell leukaemia. Some living peoples of the 1999 AD Caribbean also show infection by these same virii.

-- Viral clue to American settlers, Sci/Tech, BBC news, http://www.bbc.co.uk/, 29 November, 1999

Boats were being used in Japan around 18,000 BC.

-- The Diffusionists Have Landed by Marc K. Stengel, The Atlantic Monthly, J A N U A R Y 2 0 0 0, http://www.theatlantic.com

Until around 18,000 BC/16,000 BC, the most significant migration routes in terms of human beings entering North America seemed to exist along the western coastlines. After that the center of migration gravity seems to shift to inland routes, taking people to the center and eastern coasts of North America.

Note that the dangerous large megafauna predators of North America may have strongly encouraged many migrating peoples to stick to the coastlines (and boats) until as late as 11,000 BC-10,000 BC.

Global sea level during the last global glacial maximum was 300-400 feet lower than 2000 AD. About 18,000 BC inland passages from Alaska into the lower latitudes of North America were highly arduous-- while various coastal routes would have been less challenging and dangerous. Therefore it would seem the earlier migrations followed the coasts down the continent.

There may have been several different migrations down the coast prior to around 18,000 BC-- with more groups taking an inland route after that.

-- Americas Populated in Spurts ["http://www.discovery.com/news/briefs/20000222/history_bering.html"] By Becky Oskin, Discovery.com News, Feb. 22, 2000

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